In appellate cases, a group of judges assigned to decide the case; 2. In the jury selection process, the group of potential jurors; 3. The list of attorneys who are both available and qualified to serve as court-appointed counsel for criminal defendants who cannot afford their own counsel. Opinion A judge’s written explanation of the decision of the court. Because a case may be heard by three or more judges in the court of appeals, the opinion in appellate decisions can take several forms.
Now this setting up of an orderly law-abiding self seems to me to imply that there are impulses which make for order. To Harrison and his wife there was no distinction between the executive and judicial branches of the law. Submission is set in a France seven years from now that is dominated by a Muslim president intent on imposing Islamic law.
The trustee may also bring actions against creditors or the debtor to recover property of the bankruptcy estate. Chapter 11 A reorganization bankruptcy, usually involving a corporation or partnership. A Chapter 11 debtor usually proposes a plan of reorganization to keep its business alive and pay creditors over time. Individuals or people in business can also seek relief in Chapter 11. The maximum amount a person participating in a business can lose or be charged in case of claims against the company or its bankruptcy. A stockholder in a corporation can only lose his/her investment, and a limited partner can only lose his/her investment, but a general partner can be responsible for all the debts of the partnership.
Active judge A judge in the full-time service of the court. Law implies imposition by a sovereign authority and the obligation of obedience on the part of all subject to that authority. The collection of rules according to which people live or a country etc is governed. The state or practice of being a squatter, or one who settles on government land, thereby establishing ownership. The writer of a complete code of the laws of a country. The practice of religious legalism, especially the basing of standards of good actions upon the moral law. Language typical of lawyers, laws, legal forms, etc., characterized by archaic usage, prolixity, redundancy and extreme thoroughness.
Acquittal A jury verdict that a criminal defendant is not guilty, or the finding of a judge that the evidence is insufficient to support a conviction. Read more about legal commentaries here. Any written or positive rule or collection of rules prescribed under the authority of the state or nation, as by the people in its constitution.
What is common law and is it written by the courts of law?
Declaratory judgment A judge’s statement about someone’s rights. For example, a plaintiff may seek a declaratory judgment that a particular statute, as written, violates some constitutional right. Creditor A person to whom or business to which the debtor owes money or that claims to be owed money by the debtor. Common law The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States, which relies on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. Common law principles can be changed by legislation. Claim A creditor’s assertion of a right to payment from a debtor or the debtor’s property.
An offeree’s power of acceptance is terminated by his making of a counter-offer, unless the offeror has manifested a contrary intention or unless the counter-offer manifests a contrary intention of the offeree. All the rules you need for class in one place. The right search terms can make a difference. Here is an easy way to come up with smart search terms. A brief is a summary of a case in your own words that includes the key facts, procedural history, issues addressed, along with the court’s holdings. To up your search game, consider running a terms & connectors search with an index field.
By statute, Congress authorizes the number of judgeships for each district and appellate court. In forma pauperis “In the manner of a pauper.” Permission given by the court to a person to file a case without payment of the required court fees because the person cannot pay them. Court Government entity authorized to resolve legal disputes. Judges sometimes use “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “the court has read the briefs.” Chapter 12 The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code providing for adjustment of debts of a “family farmer” or “family fisherman,” as the terms are defined in the Bankruptcy Code.
This resource can be invaluable in helping you determine a specific court’s interpretation of a legal term. This best-selling dictionary is an authoritative and comprehensive source of jargon-free legal information. It contains over 4,200 entries that clearly define the major terms, concepts, processes, and the organization of the English legal system.